17–18 kn (31–33 km/h) after funnels raised. The 7,000-7,200 ton Leanders were armed with eight BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. She tried to open the gap while she was pounded mercilessly, her secondary armament out of range. She met her fate during one of these missions: On 18 December 1941, she took part of a brief fleet engagement, the First Battle of Sirte. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. 1/1800th scale Leander-class cruiser model. 1 of them was lost. It was more than three times faster than the classic 8-inches and therefore a reflection of the new tactical views of gunnery at that time, more about saturating the superstructures than piercing hulls and destroying turrets or trying to hit vitals. HMS Ajax before the war, circa 1936, HD picture, IMW. To extend the upper bridge out to the ship's side in order to obtain a view right aft. Her refit at Chatham Dockyard lasted until September 1942. But both ships escaped in a smoke cloud. In the Battle of Cape Spada she badly hit both cruisers successively, forcing them to escape in smoke. William Collins Publishers. Commissioned on 10 October 1933 she was the first of the improved Leander group to carry a floatplane, the medium range Supermarine Walrus. Modified LEANDER-Class cruiser ordered under the 1932 Estimates from Swan Hunter at Newcastle upon Tyne on 10th February 1933 and laid down on 8th July that year. [36] By May 1884, it was being "said that the Leander should be completed first; that then a trial of the Leander should be made; and that then it should be ascertained what improvements or alterations ought to be effected in the Arethusa, and the other ships of the same class. After 5 minutes of fierce fighting her main armament was mostly disabled but she was partly masked by the smoke caused by her multiple fires. At this time she was repairing and refitting at Boston in the USA. She later shelled Durazzo and joined Force B to cover the Greek evacuations. The news of this loss was morally crippling, as this represented until then 35% of total Australian losses in this war. Leander s were very active with Royal Navy aircraft carrier task forces and in other operations. Their range was sufficient to cross the Atlantic and back, about 5,730 nmi (10,610 km) at 13 knots (24 km/h). There are no longer any cruisers in the Royal Navy Armoured cruisers were protected British Leander Apollo class Perth 1934 - Sunk 1942 … Back in the Mediterranean 15th Cruiser Squadron she coverred the invasion of Sicily and later returned in the home waters to take part in the Normandy Landings. Her seaplane catapult and crane were removed, and she was sent back to the Mediterranean, fighting off air attacks at Port Tewfik. *There was actually a British proposal at the three Power Geneva Naval Conference of 1927 to limit tonnage for light cruisers to 7000 tons, but it was never adopted. "[17], When the Leander first commissioned her establishment of ship's company was listed as follows in her log. The survivors were picked up by the Japanese and ended in POWs, only 218 surviving the war internment. LEANDER-Class cruiser ordered under the 1930 programme from HM Dockyard Devonport on 18th February 1930. Media in category "Leander class cruiser (1931)" This category contains only the following file. On 12 June 1940 she fired on Italian aviation off Aden while her Walrus bombed the Peak Island Italian wireless station. After a westbound sweep, she joined Orion, Neptune, and the French battleship Lorraine shelling Bardia. Friend who sits behind me (Sir Edward J. They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. "Taking 14 knots as the standard of high speed, we have only 11 swift cruisers, counting the Iris and Mercury despatch vessels among them. They were named after Achilles was a Leander - class light cruiser which served with the Royal New Zealand Navy in the Second World War, the second of five in the class Originally Their anti-aircraft weaponry consisted of twel… [8] There was a change of government on 23 April 1880;[9] Lord Northbook replaced W.H. Smith who said "the Leander class ought to be rendered complete, according to the arrangements undertaken by the Board of Admiralty, without loss of time. Achilles seen from Ajax, en route for the River Plate, 1939. Thanks to her new engine compartimentation, she was able to sail ou of harm, with 1200 “Tommies” on board. She was scrapped in 1950. "[14] These belted cruisers were the Orlando class. Ajax lost two of its paper-protected turrets. [10] "Lord Northbook's board were deeply impressed with the necessity for developing the construction of vessel of the Leander" type. Their speed is 17 knots… Against the Japanese, they suffered significant damage, the Leander being almost destroyed, put of action for more than a year at the Battle of Kolombangara after gunfire and a torpedo hit. 32.5 knots, Range 4,500 nautical at 14 knots. The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection. The four second-class protected cruisers of the Leander class were completed between 1885 and 1887. Smith. Two cylinder horizontal direct acting compound engines, 12 cylindrical boilers, 5,500 IHP. INS Delhi in 1953 Credits: dennilfloss.blogspot.com. 11,000 nmi (20,000 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h). At the previous six hour' full power trial of the Phaëton there was a difficulty experienced in maintaining steam from want of draught in the stokeholds. HMNZS Achilles. 1/96 Royal Navy Leander Class 6" Director $ 51.32 by Micro Master. The situation was serious enough and tense with officers that the NY police Dept sent a heavy force on the wharf in case. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) before World War II and renamed after Australian cities. After seaching for German raiders in the South Pacific and some escort missions between NZ and Australian she joined the ANZAC Squadron in the south-west Pacific, under orders of Rear-Admiral John G. Crace as flasghip. She also operated in Crete and off Greece for last ditch reinforcements in 1941 (and later their evacuation). Often deployed to remote locations as autonomous units. She departed in 1941 for a refit home via the long road, via Suez and South Africa. The first group or Leander class had six, and the Amphion four, of the 3-drum water-tube model. The belt will, I think, be approved by my hon. She was back in action in March 1942, refitted in Plymouth (AA and radar), patrolling in home waters escorting convoys to Africa and the Indian Ocean. It seemed Sydney was less accurate. In 1934, the Australian government seeked a replacement for the old HMAS Brisbane, and negotiations for the purchase of HMS Phaeton while she still under construction took place. "[20], The Navy List gave the following composition of officers for the Leander in December 1885 (order as in the original):[21]. The light cruiser Orion ws in commission on 18 January 1934 with the Home Fleet before moving to serve with the North American and West Indies Station (8th Cruiser Squadron) and back home in February 1940. The main gun models would evolve from the Mark V to VI later, with a greater angle mounting. [42] When the Leander was completed in 1885, she was considered one of the three most important unarmoured vessels in the 1885 Evolutionary Squadron. In total the Australian vessel would cover 7,000 soldiers and civilians aboard a heterogenous flotilla of vessels. She was back in the pacific in September 1941. English: The British Empire Leander class light cruisers of 1931. Later Sydney launched a torpedo volley, which missed as the German ship manoeuvred but broke down her engine in the process. We have followed in their footsteps by producing the Mersey type, and we now propose to go a step further in the same direction, by laying down vessels of the Mersey class, but protected by a belt in lieu of an armoured deck. Built in the 30s and served in WW2 and some of them were sold to the Australian , New Zealand and Indian navies. "[7], In 1880 the Admiralty Board were divided about next design of cruising ship to lay down. As a unit of the New Zealand Division she was deployed on trade protection duties in the South-west Pacific in September 1939, her main task being the escorting of ANZAC troop convoys. Add to cart. She was posted in March-April in the Cocos islands when replaced by French cruiser Suffren, then was back to Fremantle, and the East Indies Station and after a while she was attached to the British 7th Cruiser squadron of British Mediterranean Fleet under Admiral Andrew Cunningham. However it was doubted that this was the main reason for delays. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The first group was unique as the boiler rooms were arranged together and the exhausts truncated into a single funnel, whereas in the second group they were separated leading to a two funnels far apart look. 1.5 in (38 mm) steel armoured deck (with sloped sides) over 165 ft (50 m). We are pushing on the Leanders, and we have laid down a fourth Leander at Pembroke, to occupy the spare time of the 200 extra men who are working on the iron-clads…"[13]. she was commissioned as HMS Amphion in 1936. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. The Mark XXIII was a traditional model with an hand-operated Welin breech block and Cloth bags for cordite, also hand-held. HMS Apollo before transfer to the RAN in Miami, 1938. "Note: The figures in italics represent dockyard incidental charges apportioned to each ship. The 7,000-7,200 ton Leanders were armed with eight BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. Shop millions of cars from over 21,000 dealers and find the perfect car. In 1941 famously she ended her days fighting off Western Australia the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran and destroyer her while sinking herself in one of the most epic duels of ww2. But the world is a large place; and eight or ten vessels cannot be everywhere, and the safety of our commerce imperatively demands that the swift cruisers which we have ready at the outbreak of a war shall be enough to clear the seas of privateers. The Leander class was influenced by the York-class heavy cruiser, and was an attempt to better provide for the role of commerce protection. They fired a 35 pounds (15.88 kg) HE shell or 38.25 pounds (17.35 kg) S.A.P. [300 kPa and 81 kPa] port; collective horsepower, 5,574.88 ihp (4,157.19 kW) or nearly 600 horses [450 kW] beyond the contract. “Ch. Strike craft loadout variable depending on mission. This led to the famous battle of the River plate, together with HMS Exeter and Achilles. When the war broke out, Perth was sailing off the coast of Venezuela. Machinery spaces had the side armour extended from to 141 feet (43 m) almost double the original design. Hull Developed by John Haynes More information, photos and some fittings can be found at www.johnrhaynes.com Modified Leander-class cruiser (WW2) There are 2 products. British and Dominion Warships of World War Two. Afterwards she covered convoys to Suda Bay, in Crete, and later participated in Operation Coat with Force X. Hull Developed by John Haynes More information, photos and some fittings can be found at www.johnrhaynes.com The class comprised HMS Amphion , HMS Arethusa , HMS Leander and HMS Phaeton .Originally classed as Dispatch Vessels, they were re rated as Second Class… The Nordenfeld guns are fitted in projecting parts of the topsides, and are so arranged as to give great training and great depression, firing into boats alongside. Their secondary armament consisted of four QF 4 inch Mk V naval guns, which were later replaced by twin mountings for eight guns (the later QF 4 inch Mk XVI naval gun). A new generation light cruiser designed to serve as a scout both within a squadron and independently. Sold to be broken up for scrap on 15 December 1949. Leander Class Cruiser, free leander class cruiser software downloads, Page 3. She had to limp back to Espiritu Santo escorted by two US destroyers. Gill, G. Hermon (1957). She was apparently the first British cruiser to fire at dawn. 8 x 6-in (152 mm/50) (4×2), 4 x 4-in (102 mm/45) MK V AA, 12 x 0.5 in Vickers mm AA, 6 x 21-in (533 mm) TTs, 2 seaplane. They used an horizontal sliding-block with a recoil hydro-pneumatic/hydro-spring 15-in (380 mm) system and mounting dependent traverse and elevation. past midnight with 353 lost. They were badly hit by heavy shells impact of Spee’s secondary 6-in battery (reserving its 280 against the Exeter). The "Leander" class was a class of eight light cruiser s built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II.They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. These bow guns can be trained from the cross fire of 4˚ forward to 45˚ abaft the beam, and the after guns from right aft fire to 45˚ before the beam. Ironically after the war, she carried Graf Spee’s crew from Uruguay back to Germany. These guns were used by the Leander, Amphion, Arethusa, ‘Town’ superclass, Crown Colony, Minotaur, while the postwar Neptune (cancelled) and Tiger (Converted) embarked on the fully automated QF Mark N5. HMAS Hobart took part in the East African Campaign, Battle of the Coral Sea and Guadalcanal, Philippines campaign in 1944 and the Borneo/Aitape-Wewak campaigns. HMS Leander, the 7289-ton (standard displacement) lead ship of a class of five light cruisers, was built at Devonport, England. "[8], Conway's lists her complement as 278, which appears to be an error. The Dutch cruisers De Ruyter and Java were sunk, Exeter was separated and Perth was found assisting the USS Houston in what became the Battle of the Java Sea. They destroyed the Italian tanker Ermioni. Until November 1941 she multiplied escort missions of ANZAC troops to Africa. Before you all ask, yes there will be a tutorial out for this one and I'm planning to get it done for next Saturday or the Saturday after that. She took part actively in the Battle of Cape Matapan, during the night og 28-29 March 1941, battle of Crete, and was badly hit by a Stuka, hitting the ‘A’ boiler room. The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. Life expectancy was great, between 1200 and 2200 rounds according to the charge, classic cordite or NQFP. The last three ships of the Leander class varied among authors, between “Amphion” and “Perth” (second name) class. Leander class were originally armed with eight BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. The "Leander" class was a class of eight light cruiser s built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II.They were named after mythological figures, and all ships were commissioned between 1933 and 1936. She stayed in Portsmouth for repairs and modernizations until May 1944, receiving notably dual-purpose twin QF 4 inch Mk XVI guns and new radars and added AA like a quad QF 2 pom poms installed in place of the former X turret. The cruisers of the Leander class were the result of the London Conference of 1930, ending the 8-inch gun programme. Destroyers She was present at V-day in Tokyo bay. The guns used flashless (NQFP) powder, and fired a 51-kg (112-pound) projectile at 2760 feet per second (840 m/s) up to 25,480 yd (23,300 m) at 45°. "[7], "The armament consists of ten 6-inch breech-loading guns, two Gatling guns, ten Nordenfeld guns, four Gardner guns, and four tubes for launching Whitehead torpedoes. HMAS Sydney scrambled in hot pursuit, and eventually the Australian cruiser catch up what was revealed to be the KMS Kormoran. She limped back to Alexandria for provisional repairs, completed later in South Africa via Aden and Mare Island Naval Shipyard. This starter kit includes: 1/72nd Leander hull (157cm x 17.3cm) Any plan you wish from the Leander Class 1/72nd Frigate Folder. After Malta convoys, and assisting convoys to and from Greece, HMAS Sydney operated at Souda Bay in Crete, and was attacked and hit by Italian aircraft on 24 November 1940. [16] They also carry three masts, but are not expected to have much sailing power. Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, eds. Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, DOD’s Autonomous Vessel Sails Through Transit Test, Participates in Exercise Dawn Blitz, BAR Technologies focuses on decarbonisation, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, Castor class coastal patrol vessels of the Belgian Navy (plus PHOTO GALLERY #36). The 7,000-7,200 ton Leanders were armed with eight BL 6 inch Mk XXIII naval guns in twin turrets, two forward and two aft. – 5 Leander class light cruisers (1931-34): Classic washington treaty light cruisers, armed with eight 6-in (152 mm). Under John Collins she joined Australia and Canberra to try to catch the KMS Admiral Graf Spee when she was operating in the Indian Ocean. At first she served with the North America and West Indies Station but instead joined the Mediterranean, to patrol during the Abyssinian crisis, returning later to her initial station. The three ships of the second group were sold to the Royal Australian Leander-class Cruiser Warship of the Indian Navy visits Italy [INS Delhi] INS Delhi was a Leander-class light Cruiser warship that served with the Indian Navy [IN] from 1948 till 1978. At 7000 tons, the five Leanders were designed to do both roles, as economically as possible. The Royal Navy light-cruiser HMS Leander was loaned to the New Zealand Division from 30 April 1937 until 8 May 1944. Sold to be broken up for scrap on 15 December 1949. "A new and better policy of unarmoured construction was inaugurated by the Admiralty of 1874-80. While immobilized she continued to fire on Sydney until 17:50, when the distance closed to at 6,600 yards (6,000 m), and she fired her own torpedoes but missed; Sydney would sink later around 22:00 after burning heavily, with great loss of lives. Their general configuration was scaled up to the big First Class cruisers and down to the torpedo cruisers, whilst traces of the protected deck scheme can even be recognised in some sloops. ), In the 1888 British annual naval manoeuvres, "the proportion of untrained (2nd Class) stokers which were draughted to several of the ships appears to have been too large. The Light cruiser Leander-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship. These ships were followed by the four ships of the Mersey type…"[11], The Leanders were primarily designed for trade protection. After service with the Royal Navy NZ division she joined in 1937, and in September 1941 was transferred to the newly-formed Royal New Zealand Navy. Royal Australian Navy 1939-1942 Conway’s all the world’s fighting ships 1921-1947 www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-06CL-Achilles.htm www.naval-history.net/xGM-Tech-NZRadar.htm navymuseum.co.nz/hmshmnzs-achilles-leander-class-cruiser/ uboat.net/allies/warships/class/67.html www.hmsajax.org/the-battle-of-the-river-plate/4559373096 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leander-class_cruiser_(1931) rapidttp.co.za/waratsea/neptune.html ericcolbourne.com/remembrance/ i.ytimg.com/vi/xzyo_xSnUas/maxresdefault.jpg blueprints-depot/ships/cruisers-uk/hms-ajax-1942-light-cruiser.pngModel of the Ajax, Your email address will not be published. However work was cut short by a dockyard explosion and she was repaired until March 1945. HMS Leander returned to service on 27 August 1945. The late Board of Admiralty laid down an admirable type for the purpose in the Leander class. They also received from 1941 2 quadruple bofors 40 mm carriages. "[39] As of 6 March 1885, "the Leander alone was completed. Her crew travelled already from May 1939 to join the ship in pitiful conditions among livestock, and during the 1939 New York World’s Fair where they represented Australia a mutiny erupted over discipline, wearing new uniform to get on shore. Her diversion helped the air attack on Taranto later. Join us now! The Leander class was a class of eight light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s that saw service in World War II. They were named after corvette until the last cruiser was decommissioned more than a century later. She returned in the Mediterranean to cover the landings in southern France and later policed Greek waters. Despite her damage she only deplored 12 casualties, and was still able to station off Uruguay with Achilles, soon joined by Cumberland (from the Falklands), until the conclusion. 169 m long, 16.97 m wide, 6 m draught (fully loaded). Her first wartime action was to patrol down south to the Falklands, capturing or sinking the Olinda, German merchantman Carl Fritzen and Ussukuma. Both the Amphion and Arethusa lay in ordinary reserve until commissioned for the 1887 annual manoeuvres, so the date when the vessels were first commissioned was some time after they were completed. HMS Leander (Devonport 1931) was commissioned first with the the Royal Navy, as HMS Leander in march 1933 but joined Achilles in the New Zealand Division. They are placed on either side of the upper deck at the fore end of the poop and after end of the forecastle. They fought in the pacific and the Mediterranean: Perth participated in the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941, joined the pacific and was lost in action at the Battle of Sunda Straitin early 1942 (Guadalcanal). 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