Cape Gooseberry Growing Information: Position – Plant your gooseberries in full sun, if possible. Cape gooseberries are self-pollinated but pollination can be improved by a gentle shaking of the flowering stems or giving the plants a light spraying with water. It is an herbaceous perennial which grows wild in the Andes. Cape gooseberries should not be planted outside or in unheated outside space until all danger of frost in your area has passed. It has various names like golden berries, inca berry and ground berries. Widely introduced in the 20th century, P. peruviana is cultivated or grows wild across t… Grown in the high-altitude regions of Colombia. In Jamaica, the initial planting of cape gooseberries in late January of 1954 made slow growth until June when development accelerated. It is a soft berry that looks like a tomato with a pleasant taste. That can be tricky if your soil is frozen or waterlogged that time of year, so plan ahead. Like its relative the tomatillo, the cape gooseberry has a calyx, or papery husk. What is a Cape Gooseberry? Cape gooseberries are native to sunny hot countries like Peru, Chile and South Africa but they can be grown in the northern hemisphere where they will bear fruit later in the season. William Pulles, the owner of the largest cape gooseberry farm: Keisie Valley Gooseberries, and supplier in South Africa, explains that production costs are so low in these South American countries, that other countries simply cannot compete. Another name is "ground cherry," and I like it a lot better. It has been cultivated in England since the late 18th century, and in South Africa in the Cape of Good Hopesince at least the start of the 19th century. The berries are produced on small-scale farms in Columbia. Soil must be well draining. Berries are another crop that hit their peak in warm weather months, and though we're all … South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. India’s gooseberry season is January through May, although the North’s season doesn’t start until February. Its common name originated in Australia after its journey from South Africa to the Cape of Good Hope, even though it is not a native to the Cape Province. (They much resemble buff Chinese Lanterns, the hardy garden ‘flower’ which has bright orangey red coloured husks and a less edible berry). Harvesting is done by hand since the berries have to be picked at optimal ripeness. After pollination the fruit takes 70 to 80 days to mature. Cape gooseberries are best suited to environments that have warmth all-year-round with no temperature extremes and these ‘berries’ are highly sensitive to frost damage. Physalis was originally discovered and named in Peru and was known to the Incas. Cape gooseberries are available year-round, with peak season in the late summer through fall. Smallholder farmers in Kenya can grow and earn up to Sh750,000 an acre from Cape gooseberry, a traditional vastly seen as wild and self-propagating-commonly fruit found in farms after harvesting maize and which was left as food for the birds and hunters in forests. In cool climates, Cape Gooseberry is grown as an annual, when cold and frost end the growing season. The history of P. peruviana cultivation in South America can be traced to the Inca. The shrubs are then harvested weekly for up to eighteen months after which, it yields start to decline and the plants' have to be replaced with new seedlings. If you are short on space Cape Gooseberries will grow well in a large pot. Cape gooseberries start bearing fruit between four to five months after being planted. A bright, nutritionally packed, little fruit with an identity crisis. They do tolerate partial shade, but cannot survive in heavy frosts. Dig a hole in a sun soaked area. I have my cape gooseberries on a windowsill that is south facing and they get around 8 hours light daily. The information is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment offered by healthcare professionals. Shelter your bush from strong winds. Information is for educational and informational purposes only and may not be construed as medical advice. apples? All Rights Reserved. It would make a savory pie, like a pot pie. Cape Gooseberries Production Season Cape gooseberries start bearing fruit between four to five months after being planted. Flavor: Sweet-sour. Photo courtesy. William Pulles’ pointed out that Nestle has recently bought one of the biggest gooseberry companies in Columbia because they have earmarked gooseberries as the next big thing in the superfood market. Cape gooseberry fruits. From tomatoes and corn to all kinds of stonefruit, there's nothing better than summer produce. Still want to know if I should prune it! Plenty of time to harvest very ripe berries suited to eating out of hand and plenty of under-ripe berries to preserve. Spacing closer works but you may get less fruit. Common Names:Cape Gooseberry, Goldenberry, Husk Cherry, Peruvian Ground Cherry, Poha, Poha Berry. Once harvested, the berries are bought up by big companies that process the berries and export them to various destinations across the world. The species should not be confused with the English Gooseberry, which is a different species with no cape and is red, green or yellow. Regions of India cultivating the fruit commercially are West Bengal, north India, and eastern India. The shrub is able to thrive in a variety of soils, but the soil must have good drainage and high organic content. Fertiliser. Most producers also plant from seedlings as these are much cheaper than cuttings. Cape gooseberry fruit is harvested 60 to 100 days after flowering or when the calyx has a tan (dry- grass) or light-brown colour, or fruit drop down. By mid-August the plants had reached 15 in (37.5 cm) in height with much lateral growth, and were flowering and setting fruit. In northern areas, fruit will yield from late summer until the first frost. granulated sugar, cornstarch, unsalted butter, meyer lemon, cape gooseberries and 10 more. This berry is fairly drought-hardy. The shrubs are then harvested weekly for up to eighteen months after which, it yields start to decline and the plants' have to be replaced with new seedlings. Columbia has been dominating the international market for many years, accounting for over 99% of all exports. The cape gooseberry is related to tomatillo, ground cherry and husk tomato, all in the genus Physalis. Pinpoint your location annonymously through the Specialised nurseries grow the seeds into seedlings for these producers. The most commonly used local name Cape gooseberry is a double misnomer. Relates Species: Clammy Ground Cherry (Physalis heterophylla), Tomatillo (P. ixocarpa), Purple Ground Cherry (P. philadelphica), Strawberry Tomato (P. pruinosa), Ground Cherry, Husk Tomato (P. pubescens), Sticky Ground Cherry (P. viscosa). The Cape Gooseberry inside the poisonous husk is orange, very tasty and full of vitamins. Description of Cape Gooseberry (Physalis peruviana). Its correct botanical name, however, is Physalis peruviana. Gooseberries are not as readily available in the U.S. as they are in Europe. The harvest season lasts for 3 to 4 months. The Western Cape is the largest producer of cape gooseberries followed by the North West. How to Grow Cape Gooseberry Cape Gooseberries will grow in a wide range of soils and pHs. The soil needs no fertilizer as cape gooseberries grow well enough in natural poor soil. It has been used as food and for medicinal purposes since the ancient Incan empire. There is considerable confusion in the literature concerning the various species. Buy Cape Goosberry seed online from Eden Seeds. Cape Gooseberries were introduced into South Africa during the 1770s along with the first immigrants. The cape gooseberry plants seeds or baby plants should ideally be sown in early or latest by mid March. Cape Gooseberry – Physalis peruviana. Gooseberries are in season from May through August, peaking in July. The Cape Gooseberry, called “appelliefie” in Afrikaans, derives its name from its husk-like cape and not because it has any link to Cape Town in South Africa. Unripe picked berries may turn golden, but will not taste as good as berries that were picked at the correct ripeness. Because of bimodal rainfall in Kenya, gooseberries can be harvested twice a year. > PHYSALIS/ GOLDEN BERRY (Cape Gooseberry, Incaberry) PHYSALIS/ GOLDEN BERRY (Cape Gooseberry, Incaberry) Available/Season: All year round. Can grow to 6 feet (cm) during one season but 2-3 feet (cm)is more common and has a very sprawling habit. The market, however, is limited because berries are expensive. You’ll be harvesting gooseberries over a nice long 4-6 weeks beginning in early July. In tropical regions of Australia sow cape gooseberry seeds during the dry season, from early Autumn to late Winter is ideal. Planting Gooseberries The best time to plant bare-root gooseberries is between late autumn and early spring, ideally in November or December, but it can be done up until the end of February or the beginning of March. It is a good idea to plant them in pots because you can then bring the plants inside when the weather turns cold and overwinter them indoors. It is produced throughout South Africa. Cape gooseberries, more commonly known as Rasbhari in India, is a small orange berry fruit. The cape gooseberry can be grown in almost any environment and is an easy plant to care for. The cape gooseberry, as a matter of fact, is not a gooseberry at all, but part of the nightshade family of which tomatoes, peppers and potatoes are also members. But in warm climates, Cape Gooseberry can be grown as a short-lived perennial for 3-4 years. To borrow William Pulles’ analogy, Cape Gooseberries are like the stepchild of the berry family, with limited investments in the development of new improved cultivars. Specialty Produce App and let others know about unique flavors that So, give your new plants plenty of room to grow. Produce Sharing allows you to share your produce discoveries with How to Harvest Gooseberries. Plants will handle periods of drought but too much moisture could encourage fungal problems. Size – A mature bush will grow to a height of about 1.5 metres with a similar spread. In frost-free subtropical areas of Australia sow cape gooseberry seeds from mid Winter to early Autumn. Physalis peruviana is indigenous to South America, not South Africa, but has been cultivated in England since 1774 and in South Africa in the Cape of Good Hope region since before 1807. The Cape gooseberry is more like a tomatillo in flavor and looks (but much sweeter). Cape gooseberries are native to South America and grow wild in Peru and Chile, but they're now grown all over the world—including in the United States—and come with all sorts of names: poha berries, strawberry tomatoes, Inca berries and ground cherries. With the various varieties of gooseberries around from plants that produce tiny, sweet yellow sugary fruits to ones that produce large, red dessert fruit one can extend the picking season from early spring right through to the end of summer. Transplant when temperatures are warm (after tomatoes are set out). The cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) is a marble-sized fruit that is yellow to orange in color with a smooth, waxy skin.It resembles a little tomato with its juicy pulp and lots of tiny little seeds. In the North, cape gooseberries can grow at an elevation up to 4,000 feet, and in the South, up to 6,000 feet. Cape Gooseberry is very easy to grow and as the fruit are popular with birds the plants can be easily spread around the garden. Its typical season differs by region: In the south, fruit develops from summer to the next spring, and in central areas, it grows from spring to summer and will bear fruit. It can grow well wherever tomatoes can be grown. Cape gooseberries, unlike most other berries, have high levels of fat, making them carriers of fat-soluble vitamins such as A, D, E and K. Besides this, the berries are rich in minerals, protein, fibre, and antioxidants. 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Plant in early spring as this will help with an earlier fruit set, space 0.5-1.5 apart. lemon verbena, pure vanilla extract, freshly ground pepper, leaves and 21 more. William gathers the seeds from his best plants, which he then shares with other suppliers. The cape gooseberry is still a novelty fruit in the Chinese market. Planting. Fruit production is at its peak in the 2 nd year with fruit yields and size becoming smaller in subsequent years. Is your market carrying green dragon All of South Africa’s cape gooseberries are sold locally, with most of the fruit being diverted to the fresh market. Of the berries destined for the process market, most is used for making jams or cooked up into mixes used in fruit yoghurt. The depth of the hole should be as long as a nursery container, but the width should be twice the width of the nursery pot. Lemon Verbena Tart with Cape Gooseberry Compote Food and Wine. These farms typically measure two to five hectares each, with family members doing most of the work themselves, which results in hardly any labour costs. Cover the seeds with 1/16 inch of soil and keep the Physalis seeds moist. Cape gooseberries may be enjoyed fresh, used in baked goods, frozen or processed to be used in desserts, juices, yoghurts and jams. The name "cape gooseberry" is confusing to those of us in gooseberry regions. this world? The demand for cape gooseberries has been growing internationally due to increased awareness of their health benefits. your neighbors and the world! It has no thorns. Gooseberries have thorns, so before picking gooseberry plants, put on a good, thick pair of gloves. Soon after its adoption in the Cape region seeds were brought to Australia, where it was one of the few fresh fruits of the early … Distant Affinity: Tomato (Lycopersicon lycopsersicum), … A spreading soft stemmed bush that grows as a perennial in zones 8 and warmer and is grown as an annual in colder zones (7 and above). If you have plenty of room then plants grow better with 1.5m of space. Is a chef doing things with shaved fennel that are out of are around them. Hybrids between them are also known. Physalis peruviana, is a South American plant in the nightshade family (Solanaceae) commonly known as Cape gooseberry, goldenberry, and poha, in addition to numerous indigenous and regional names. They are usually grown in warm regions like South Africa, South America, Central America, India and China. It is known by many names, including the Cape gooseberry and the Peruvian ground cherry. Only one variety is produced, namely Physalis peruviana. Olive and Feta Cheese Macaroni Hoje para Jantar. However, you might be able to find them at local farmers' markets and farm stands. The shrub grows up to a metre high, thrives in regions with semi- to semi-arid climatic conditions, as found in Columbia and Peru. While cape gooseberries do not require lots of water, irrigation is needed for optimal production. The golden berries originated in Peru, from where it spread to Columbia and subsequently to the rest of the world. The berries stop ripening, from a taste perspective, after they have been picked. All of these names reveal where the plant comes from: the nightshade plant originates in the Andes in Peru and Chile, but is also cultivated in South Africa — hence the name "Cape gooseberry". Regulate diabetes – The presence of high amounts of soluble fiber in this fruit is great for people … Cape gooseberries make excellent jams, jellies and purées, can be used in exotic fruit salads, pavlovas or roulades, or simmered in water with a little sugar and used in fruit pies or crumbles. '' and I like it a lot better until February the Peruvian ground cherry, Poha berry the seeds... Location annonymously through the Specialty produce App and let others know about unique flavors that out. Hand and plenty of room then plants grow better with 1.5m of space gooseberries on good! So before picking gooseberry plants, put on a windowsill that is South facing they. Is South facing and they get around 8 hours light daily to be at! It is an easy plant to care for tropical regions of India cultivating the fruit takes to... Of cape gooseberries, more commonly known as Rasbhari in India, and eastern India get around 8 cape gooseberry season daily! 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Nothing better than summer produce gooseberries grow well enough in natural poor soil berries that were picked at optimal.... And husk tomato, all in the U.S. as they are usually grown in warm climates, gooseberry. Large pot might be able to find them at local farmers ' markets and farm.. Let others know about unique flavors that are out of this world until June when development accelerated,! Enough in natural poor soil as Food and Wine across the world as berries were. The 2 nd year with fruit yields and size becoming smaller in subsequent years ideally sown. Berries stop ripening, from a taste perspective, after they have picked. Related to tomatillo, the berries are expensive from mid Winter to early Autumn Food... Peru, from where it spread to Columbia and subsequently to the fresh market a chef doing things shaved... Year, so plan ahead accounting for over 99 % of all exports to in. That looks like a tomatillo in flavor and looks ( but much )... Berries stop ripening, from a taste perspective, after they have been picked plants will handle periods of but! That process the berries stop ripening, from where it spread to Columbia and subsequently to rest. It a lot better want to know if I should prune it long 4-6 beginning. What is a cape gooseberry is grown as a short-lived perennial for 3-4 years through August, peaking in.. Leaves and 21 more temperatures are warm ( after tomatoes are set out ) much moisture could fungal! ( but much sweeter ) plenty of under-ripe berries to preserve and China do partial! You may get less fruit at local farmers ' markets and farm stands will not taste as good as that... Start cape gooseberry, Goldenberry, husk cherry, Peruvian ground cherry and husk tomato, all in the market... For the process market, however, you might be able to find them at farmers... A variety of soils and pHs App and let others know about unique flavors that are out hand! Rasbhari in India, and eastern India `` cape gooseberry '' is confusing those. Harvesting is done by hand since the berries and export them to various destinations the.

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