Seed spikeletPhoto: Garrett Waugaman, M-NCPPC Weed Warriors, Bugwood.org, Dense patch of wavyleaf basketgrassPhoto: Kerrie L. Kyde, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Bugwood.org, Cultural control:  prevent going to seed; hand pulls easily--very little root; do not compost plants with seed heads, Garrett Waugaman, M-NCPPC Weed Warriors, Bugwood.org, Kerrie L. Kyde, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Bugwood.org. P. Seeds mature in late September through frost. 2012. USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. It is not known whether this species is invasive in other countries. The plant here was about a foot high. The seeds are easily moved around by people and animals because they are sticky and adhere to shoes, clothing, tires, animal fur, and paws. REC, Glyphosate (Roundup®) Information and Alternatives for Weed Management, The Maryland Department of Natural Resources. DNR and its partners are working to reduce this spread by controlling the invader in newly discovered locations. Stay out of areas and do not let dogs run in stands of wavyleaf basketgrass in late summer and fall to help prevent seed dispersal. NPS Photo - Jake Hughes. It is by Kerrie L. Kyde at Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Leaf blade up to about 2" long; tapering to a blunt Japanese stiltgrass Flowers & Seeds, Photo by Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org, Deer tongue Flowers and Seeds, photo by Tom Potterfield Flickr CC BY-NC-SA 2.0, Call toll-free in *Maryland* at 1-877-620-8DNR (8367), Left to Right: Japanese stiltgrass, wavyleaf basketgrass, small carpetgrass (or hairy joint grass), Mid-Atlantic Early Detection Network (MAEDN), Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS). It establishes patchy to dense, carpeting populations quickly and is believed to … It was developed by the University of Georgia's Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Small carpetgrass can be easily hand weeded, although for large infestations, chemical control with 2% glyphosate applied carefully by backpack sprayer is effective. undulatifolius). Wavyleaf basketgrass . Wavyleaf grows low to the ground and spreads across the forest floor displacing native plant species completely or nearly so. Wavyleaf Basketgrass (Oplismenus undulatifolius), an introduced subspecies of native basketgrass, has spread to cover thousands of acres of public and private land in Maryland and Virginia since its initial discovery in Patapsco Valley State Park in the 1990s.In 2016, a contractor with the county removed a single plant found in Donaldson Run Park. Your dog can pick up the seeds too. I live in an area of Patapsco Valley State Park which has been invaded by wavyleaf basketgrass. It is also known as woodsgrass, jewgrass and wavyleaf basketgrass. undulatifolius) Wavyleaf basketgrass is an exotic, invasive grass that was first found in Maryland in 1997, including parts of Patapsco State Park. In 2012, the U.S. Department Wavyleaf invasions can lead to altered habitats, a loss of biodiversity and a reduction in pollinator populations. Ecologists believe that wavyleaf basketgrass could become even more widespread and damaging than Japanese stiltgrass, with which it shares habitats. By By Jill Rosen and The Baltimore Sun. DO NOT walk through patches of the grass during the fall, when the awns are sticky and you can carry the seed with you by mistake and spread the grass. View the map of wavyleaf basketgrass sightings. This patch was large and well established, about 20 feet square. Its flat leaf blades are about one-half to one inch wide and 1.5 to 4 inches long, have elongated pointed tips and are rippled. undulatifolius). Wavyleaf Basketgrass (Oplismenus undulatifolius), an introduced subspecies of native basketgrass, has spread to cover thousands of acres of public and private land in Maryland and Virginia since its initial discovery in Patapsco Valley State Park in the 1990s.In 2016, a contractor with the county removed a single plant found in Donaldson Run Park. What is Wavyleaf Basketgrass? WHAT IS WAVYLEAF BASKETGRASS? 2021. Sightings collected through the EDDMapS website are shared with Kevin Heffernan from Virginia Natural Heritage Program for verification. Stay alert and let us know if you find any wavyleaf basketgrass in the state! A new invasive plant has arrived in Carroll County, wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. Many species of Oplismenus grow in Central Florida and Oplismenus setarius is a native perennial while Oplismenus hirtellus is an introduced exotic. ], is a fast spreading understory grass that forms dense stands in deciduous forests. An urgent effort is underway to eradicate this fast-spreading invasive that has the potential to … Image 5389750 is of wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus undulatifolius ) foliage. Maryland has become ground zero for a new invasive species threat, wavyleaf basketgrass. Wavyleaf basketgrass is a rapidly spreading invasive plant which invades forest understories. It is capable of quickly outcompeting native plants to become the dominate understory species. A new invasive plant has arrived in Carroll County, wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. It has been recorded in the coastal plain, piedmont and montane regions. Many species of Oplismenus grow in Central Florida and Oplismenus setarius is a native perennial while Oplismenus hirtellus is an introduced exotic.. Check out our 2016 NISAW fact sheet for more information! undulatifolius) is a newly discovered subspecies found in the United States which has established invasive populations in Maryland and Virginia. Photo by K. L. Kyde. Beauv.] It has since spread through Maryland and Virginia, showing many of the qualities of a successful and damaging invasive species. Wavyleaf invasions can lead to altered habitats, a loss of biodiversity and a reduction in pollinator populations. Invasive plant Information. They can be told apart easily if you look closely. We have confirmed a new invasive plant in Okaloosa County. undulatifolius (Ard.) in Little Paint Branch Park in Prince George's County, MD It is by Kerrie L. Kyde at Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Noticeably hairy with white hairs 1/8" long. Wavyleaf basketgrass may be a very good candidate for Early Detection – Rapid Response. However, the leaves of Japanese stiltgrass have a It is adapted to forest understory, where it creates dense continuous carpets, outcompetes other ground-layer species, and suppresses shrub and tree seedlings. Oplismenus undulatifolius, commonly known as wavyleaf basketgrass, is a species of perennial grass from the family Poaceae that is native to Eurasia, specifically Southern Europe through Southern Asia. Basketgrass is the common name of a species of Oplismenus, a weed commonly found in shady lawns and landscapes. undulatifolius). U.S. National Early Detection and Rapid Response System for Invasive Plants; The Global Invasive Species Database, ISSG, ICUN. Spikelet flowers. Some species known or suspected to be harmful are uncommon enough that Park-wide control or even eradication-the elimination of all individuals-may be the goal of management. The species invades temperate environments and is typically found in full canopy hardwood forests, forest margins and shady riparian zones. Plants annual; can grow to 3' tall, but often bend to the ground and root at nodes; stems smooth, hairs when present only at the tops of the leaf sheaths. NPS Photo - Jake Hughes. U. Scholz Invasive plant Information. This Asian grass was first discovered growing in small patches in Patapsco Valley State Park in the 1990s. Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania Wavyleaf Basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus spp. in Little Paint Branch Park in Prince George's County, MD Lifecycle: Invasive* shallow rooted perennial grassGrowth habit: develops elongated stolons (stems) that root at the nodes (where growth occurs) along the ground. Wavyleaf Basketgrass was first found in Maryland in 1996 and quickly spread into Virginia and Pennsylvania. REC, Lower Eastern Shore WAVYLEAF GRASS OR WAVYLEAF BASKETGRASS Menaces Forests, Hitchhikes on Animals and People Wavyleaf grass, shown here in Shenandoah National Park, aggressively colo-nizes shady, moist sites and can obliterate wildflowers, ferns, and tree saplings in its steadily advancing path. Left: Japanese stiltgrass, center: wavyleaf basketgrass, right: small carpet grass. In the United States, wavyleaf basketgrass has been re - ported as invasive in Hawaii, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. & Schult. Flowers occur at the ends of branches, about 4" branched panicles; feathery white stigmas (pollen-receiving organs) clearly visible; seeds occur in 3-5 pairs of spikelets; each armed with a 1/2" awn or bristle that becomes sticky in the fall, facilitating long-distance dispersal. REC, Western Maryland This forest grass from southeast Asia was first sited in Patapsco Valley State Park in Baltimore County in 1997. WLBG is similar in appearance to Japanese stiltgrass [Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) When it blooms, from mid-September to November, the Wavyleaf basketgrass (WB), which is an introduced sub-species of native basketgrass [O. hirtellus (L.) P. Beauv. & Schult. Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania Wavyleaf Basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus spp. The leaf sheaths and stems are noticeably hairy. Undulatifolius Description: The leaf blades are flat, dark green, about 0.5 inches wide and 1.5 to four inches long, with rippling waves across the blade. point; bright yellow-green; hairy along edges and with edges ruffled or Can grow to 18". The leaf sheaths and stems are noticeably hairy. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Please cite the EDDMapS as: EDDMapS. Invasive Wavyleaf Basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus... Musings on Invasive Species - Chapter 2: "April Sh... Invasive plants - A Weed by any other Name is stil... Aug 2012 (6) Jul 2012 (4) Jun 2012 (1) May 2012 (3) Apr 2012 (6) Mar 2012 (5) Feb 2012 (3) Camus], an introduced annual grass which also invades forest understories throughout the eastern U.S. Up to 4" long, dark bluish-green, with distinct ripples like unfolded pleats across width of the blade and long tapering tip; leaf base touches the stem, but does not clasp it, sheaths of leaves fuzzy, ​Plants perennial; Overall plant height usually under 18"; branching from base with long, trailing stems (stolons) that root at nodes. We embody the University's land-grant mission with a commitment to eliminate hunger, preserve our natural resources, improve quality of life, and empower the next generation through world-class education. Wavyleaf basketgrass . Wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. An EDRR species is an invasive plant that is not widespread in a particular area and may be able to be eradicated. Wavyleaf basketgrass and Japanese stiltgrass often grow together in the same moist mixed hardwood forests. Bloom period begins in late August; fruiting continues into early October; small branched clusters of seeds at the ends of upright or reclining stems. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; OPUN: Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. When it blooms, from mid-September to November, the This invasive is very shade tolerant. wavyleaf basketgrass: U.S. Nativity: Exotic Habit: Grass or Grasslike Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) (Oplismenus hirtellus spp. It is a low growing, shallow rooted, short lived perennial. States where wavyleaf basketgrass occurs. 8/13/2018: Wavyleaf Basketgrass. Photo by K. L. Kyde. Wavyleaf basketgrass is an exotic, invasive grass that was first found in Maryland in 1997, including parts of Patapsco State Park. WHAT IS WAVYLEAF BASKETGRASS? wavyleaf basketgrass PAUN3: Panicum undulatifolium Ard. It grows in dense patches in wooded natural areas preventing the growth of native plants and trees. Invasive: Wavyleaf Basketgrass Wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus undulatifolius) is a low-lying, trailing perennial grass that is less than one foot tall. Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 and has since been found in several counties in Maryland and Virginia. Oct 22, 2011 at 9:44 PM . I accessed extension.umd.edu/hgic and how to control is not explained except for the following notation, P/D and POST E after description of the invasive … What is Basketgrass? Wavyleaf basketgrass was confirmed in Delaware in White Clay Creek State Park along the Bryan’s Field Trail last week and the colony was promptly removed. The Maryland populations are still small, though spreading, and the grass can be removed successfully either by hand-weeding or by treating with 1-2% glyphosate, according to the work done so far in Little Paint Branch Park. It has weak roots and can easily be pulled out by hand, or it can be treated with an appropriate herbicide. Invasive Exotic Plant Factsheet, Wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. undulatifolius). An EDRR species is an invasive plant that is not widespread in a particular area and may be able to be eradicated. Understanding the mechanisms by which an invasive plant species is able to colonize and successfully expand into native plant communities can help in estimating the potential threat posed by a new invader and predict impacts on community diversity, structure, and function. Both species, and others, can … The Culprit This fearsome, invasive grass may be the worst of the worst. The grass spreads quickly by … Roem. Undulatifolius Description: The leaf blades are flat, dark green, about 0.5 inches wide and 1.5 to four inches long, with rippling waves across the blade. Back to Invasive Plant Photos and Information, Wavyleaf Basketgrass (Oplismenus hirtellus spp. National Park Service. Left: Japanese stiltgrass, center: wavyleaf basketgrass, right: small carpet grass. Image 5389750 is of wavyleaf basketgrass (Oplismenus undulatifolius ) foliage. the closest relative of Wavyleaf basketgrass, has only a few hairs if any on the leaf sheaths and stems. Learn to recognize this grass and help other people learn it. Some species known or suspected to be harmful are uncommon enough that Park-wide control or even eradication-the elimination of all individuals-may be the goal of management. The grass spreads quickly by stolons and seed. Small carpetgrass can be easily hand weeded, although for large infestations, chemical control with 2% glyphosate applied carefully by backpack sprayer is effective. Wavyleaf basketgrass is a rapidly spreading invasive plant which invades forest understories. Wayleaf basketgrass foliagePhoto: Kerrie L. Kyde, Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Bugwood.orgReproduction: Seed. Weed Risk Assessment. Fun fact: Wavyleaf basketgrass is similar in appearance to another, far more common invasive: Japanese stiltgrass. Wavyleaf basketgrass [Oplismenus undulatifolius (Ard.) Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 and has since been found in several counties in Maryland and Virginia. Wavyleaf Basketgrass A New Forest Invader in Maryland This Asian grass was first discovered growing in small patches in Patapsco Valley State Park in the 1990s. WB was first discovered in the U.S. inPatapsco Valley State Park, Howard County, MD, … ], is a fast spreading understory grass that forms dense stands in deciduous forests. It often occurs with Japanese stiltgrass. Scientists don’t know how it arrived here, but within a decade, it had spread to cover thousands of acres on public and private land in both Maryland and Virginia, the only two states where it has been documented. This forest grass from southeast Asia was first sited in Patapsco Valley State Park in Baltimore County in 1997. INVASIVE PLANT ALERT Wavyleaf Grass (Oplismenus undulatifolius) Threat Wavyleaf grass has become a widespread and aggressive invasive species in Virginia. wavyleaf basketgrass: USDA PLANTS Symbol: OPHIU2 U.S. Nativity: Exotic Habit: Grass or Grasslike Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. My property and area around it is gradually being affected. It originates from Southern Europe and Southeast Asia. Wavyleaf basketgrass (WB), which is an introduced sub-species of native basketgrass [O. hirtellus(L.) P. For more information about Wavyleaf basketgrass’ distribution, please check out EDDMapS. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service in cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service, It spreads rapidly over the forest floor decreasing plant diversity and providing very little to no value for wildlife. Bloom period begins in mid-July and fruiting continues well into November. Roem. Hairy stems. wavy but no pleats across the face of the blade; leaves clasp the stem, Annuals up to 2' but generally under 1' tall, branched, often bending over and rooting at the nodes, sparsely hairy, Open broomlike cluster of seeds closely spaced along "fingers. For more information about Wavyleaf basketgrass’ distribution, please check out EDDMapS. Delicate, airy, open-branched panicles at the ends of the stems, giving the appearance of miniature Christmas trees in overall shape . You can help by reporting any place you see it using the Mid-Atlantic Early Detection Network (MAEDN) mobile app. Basketgrass is the common name of a species of Oplismenus, a weed commonly found in shady lawns and landscapes.It is also known as woodsgrass, jewgrass and wavyleaf basketgrass. Central Maryland Wavyleaf Basketgrass, or Oplismenus hirtellus undulatifolius. Beauv. Remove it from your property. ", May be 6 or more inches long, dark green, sheaths noticeably hairy, but leaf blades smooth, 0.5" to 1.5" wide; leaf sheaths constricted at top and leaf blades appear to clasp the stem, Substantial perennial plant up to 4' tall, with thick underground stems (rhizomes). It is capable of quickly outcompeting native plants to become the dominate understory species. Wavyleaf basketgrass was first discovered in Maryland in 1996 in Patapsco Valley State Park, near Baltimore MD. Report infestations to the national mapping project through the. 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